Sunday, July 19, 2020
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for GAD June 12, 2019 Generalized Anxiety Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children Steve Debenport/E/GettyOwner Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a type of psychotherapy gaining popularity in the treatment of anxiety disorders like generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). It is also used to treat other conditions including depression, eating disorders, chronic pain, and substance use disorders. What Exactly Is ACT? ACT is a talk therapy that emphasizes the ways in which we use our words to battle whatever is going on inside of our heads. The approach focusesâ"as the name impliesâ"on acceptance. The theory suggests that increasing acceptance of your circumstance, the thoughts constantly running through your mind, and your struggle with symptoms can lead to increased psychological flexibility. Acceptance is theorized to protect against the avoidance of certain thoughts or emotional experiences and ineffective coping. Overall, this type of therapy encourages gaining insight into patterns of thinking, patterns of avoidance, and the presence or absence of action that is in line with chosen life values. Research has shown that ACT can produce symptom improvement in people with GAD, and it may also be a particularly good fit for older adults. Differences From Traditional CBT Unlike cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), the goal of ACT is not to reduce the frequency or severity of unpleasant internal experiences (such as upsetting cognitive distortions, emotions or urges). Rather, the goal is to reduce your struggle to control or do away with these experiences and simultaneously to increase involvement in meaningful life activities (i.e., those activities that are consistent with personal values). Third Wave Treatment ACT is sometimes referred to as a âthird waveâ or ânew waveâ psychotherapy. In this context, the first wave refers to classical conditioning and operant learning-based behavioral approaches developed in the 1950s. The second wave therapies additionally focused on information processingâ"and more specifically, cognitive processesâ"as well as behavioral learning principles. Third wave treatments share a lineage with these earlier approaches but extend in other directions depending on the type. The term third wave treatment refers a broad spectrum of psychotherapies â" including ACT, dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), schema therapy, and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy â" that have been shown to be helpful for many individuals. Historically, third-wave treatments were conceptualized as particularly appropriate for patients who were not benefiting from pre-existing treatments such as classical cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). However, it is now believed that for some individuals, a third-wave therapy option may make sense as a first-line treatment. Find Help From the 7 Best Online Anxiety Support Groups ACT Providers Clinicians who have been specifically trained in this type of psychotherapy typically offer ACT. An ACT therapist will be both an active, empathic listener and an active guide, encouraging deeper exploration and non-judgmental awareness, during the sessions. An ACT therapist could be a psychiatrist, psychologist, social worker, or mental health counselor. If you are interested in learning more about this approach, you might ask about your treatment providerâs training background with it or seek out an experienced ACT practitioner. What Happens in an ACT Session? The main components of ACT are psycho-education about the key mechanisms of the treatment theory, mindfulness, cognitive defusion, and values clarification. Sessions can include the practice of mindfulness exercises designed to foster nonjudgmental, healthy awareness of thoughts, feelings, sensations, and memories that have otherwise been avoided. Once the content of your innermost experience is identified, the therapist uses discussion and cognitive exercises to help you recontextualize or make different sense of the narrative and then accept it as your personal experience. To the extent that your actions are inconsistent with your personal values of what makes for a meaningful life, the therapist will help highlight discrepancies and engage you in a conversation about your values and the actions that might move you closer to them. ACT therapists may assign homework to practice between sessions, such as mindfulness, cognitive, or values clarification exercises. The homework is agreed upon between you and your therapist and can be modified to make it as personal and useful as possible. Where Can I Learn More?? To learn more about the ACT approach, you can check out free podcasts, worksheets, and mindfulness exercises. For help finding an ACT therapist, try referral sources such as The Association for Contextual Behavioral Science, Psychology Today, or The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Have you suffered and feel disappointment in your life? Who is willing to support to you without any reason when you fail in doing something? The answer is your family. Usually, family members can tolerate our mistakes and help us to solve our personal problems. Many people believe that having a family is happiness and they donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to be alone and support with each other. The family life is a very important to discuss because our attitude on the family value may effect to our views toward the world. In the article Ã¢â¬Å" The Color of Families Ties: Race, Class, Gender, and Extended Family InvolvementÃ¢â¬ , Gerstel and Sarkisian argued that that the social class did not make the poor family had weaker ties and the relationship between the extended family members was more fragment. Actually, Gerstel and Natalia Sarkisian claimed that financial problems create weak ties among the color family. Naomi Gerstel and Natalia Sarkisian, the authors, did a research on AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ life and wrote the article to describe the relationship of family between the different races. In the introduction of the article, Naomi and Natalia mentioned that political people focused on the ties between married couples and their children. In the society, people often hear that poor families were chaotic and their family tie was weaker because rates of non-marriage and single parenthood were very high. There were there two bar graphs at the top of pages to show Gerstel and SarkisianÃ¢â¬â¢s examination onShow MoreRelatedEssay Paper84499 Words Ã |Ã 338 Pageschief within the proponent agency or its direct reporting unit or field operating agency, in the grade of colonel or the civilian equivalent. Activities may request a waiver to this regulation by providing justification that includes a full analysis of the expected benefits and must include formal review by the activityÃ¢â¬â¢s senior legal officer. All waiver requests will be endorsed by the commander or senior leader of the requesting activity and forwarded through their higher headquarters Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 Pagespreeminence only to see it eclipsed by the emergence of the Soviet and U.S. superpowers on their periphery and a second round of even more devastating global conflict. The bifurcated international system that resulted from the cold war standoff extended the retreat of globalization, but nurtured the liberation of most of humanity from colonial rule. 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Range of grade and pay systems / structures, their Ã¢â¬ËfitÃ¢â¬â¢ for organisational context and link to strategy 1. Pay structure (3 or 4) Broad-banding Job family Spot rates 2. 2 Performance Appraisal Armstrong (1998) points out that the performance appraisal schemes is essential for organization which often contain ratings of performance factors, such as volume, quality and knowledge of work, dependability, innovation, staff development and communication and an overall rating. We will write a custom essay sample on Pay Structure or any similar topic only for you Order Now Clive Fletcher (1997) states that the first step to appraise performance is to decide on the aims of appraisal from both organization and participantsÃ¢â¬â¢ perspective. The appraisal principle today stresses the importance of fairness within organization. From organization perspective, there are five basic appraisal principles of performance, which are improving performance, motivating staff, succession planning, identifying potential, promoting manager-subordinate dialogue and formal assessment of unsatisfactory performance. While participants will pay more attention to the accurate and fair of assessment, the quality of their current relationship with appraiser, and the influence of appraisal on their reward and welfare. David A. Hume (1998) concludes six most common performance appraisal systems which are most effective are as follows: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Appraisal by superiorÃ¢â¬â¢s superior Ã¢â¬ ¢ Appraisal by personnel staff Ã¢â¬ ¢ Appraisal by peers Ã¢â¬ ¢ Appraisal by subordinates Ã¢â¬ ¢ Self- Appraisal Ã¢â¬ ¢ Appraisal by assessment centre These performance appraisal systems can be realized by documentation such as rating (alphabetical/numerical/graphical), forced choice rating and free/controlled written report. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s more, interview through tell and sell, tell and listen and problem solving style. Finally, follow-up the two methods mentioned above to continually assess the performance of staff and managers. DIYS performance appraisal can apply this system to all of managers and staff, and relate the assessment to their performance pay. In addition, Ward, Peter. (1997) claims that other assessment methods employee survey, ability test, personality inventories, development centers and 360-degree feedback could be integrated as well. How to cite Pay Structure, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
WWII War is one of the most tragic things in our world today. It is even sadder that usually it comes around at least once in our lifetime. In the 20th century alone we have already had two huge wars. These wars were call the World Wars simply because they involved most of the big countries of the world. Many people have died in these wars.. especially the second World War. That is my focus for this essay. The leader of Germany at the time of WW2 and the person who most think started WW2 was a man named Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler was born in Austria. By the time that World War 1 started in 1914, he was living in Germany. He served well in the German Army and for that he earned a medal for bravery. At the end of the war Hitler decided to take up politics. By 1921 he was already the founding leader of the Nazi party. Hitler was an incredibly racist man and he had a great hate for Jews. By 1933, Hitler gained political power by winning the election. Soon after he made himself absolute dic tator, calling himself the Fuhrer which means "Leader". By the end of the 30's he was already sending Jews off too concentration camps to meet a horrible death. I believe that Hitler was one of the greatest causes of World War 2. Although there are many other reasons, he was definitely one of them. Another reason was the Treaty of Versailles. This was the treaty that was signed at the end of World War 1. This treaty outlined the rules that Germany must follow because of their defeat by Britain and France. Many Germans were angered by the treaty, for most of the rules in the treaty were unfair and Germany lost a great amount of wealth. One of the cruelest reasons for the war was Hitler's racist hate for Jews. He would send them off in cattle cars to places called concentration camps were they would be slaughtered by the thousands. World War 2 was huge and involved a lot of countries. There were thousands of battlefronts and warsites. The two main battlefronts were the battle fr ont between Britain and Germany and the battlefront between the Japanese and the Americans. These battlefronts were split up into smaller battlefronts even still. Many lives were lost in the air, on land and in the sea. Some of the most notable battles were: The Battle of Britain, The Battle of Midway and The Battle of the Atlantic. Since the US and Canada were at war with the Japanese, Japanese Canadians were treated very poorly. The government had decided that all or most Japanese Canadians, even if they were born in Canada had either go home or go and live in one of the camps. These camps were made to keep all the Japanese Canadians together in one location. But the fact was that these camps were very dirty and not fair treatment. Also, the government took away all Japanese possessions and without the Japanese knowing, they were auctioned off at a fraction of their original value! This treatment went on for all of World War 2 and Japanese Canadians were not treaty fairly for many years after. Just recently the government of Canada has decided to pay compensation for their losses but most agree that it doesn't even come close to what they lost. One of the greatest outcomes of the war was the great world power shift. For more than a century Great Britain had been the wealthiest and most powerful nation in the world. But they used up too many resources in the wars and their status greatly decreased. One person even wrote that it is not Great Britain any more... it is just Britain. People all over the world suffered through this war. Hundreds of thousands of people died. All for the sake of their countries. And you know what? No one actually gained anything from it. The fact is that all of the countries (excluding the US) lost much, much more than what they gained. Britain lost their power, France lost lives and land, Germany lost everything and
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Breaking away essays The move breaking away is about four teenage high school graduates name Dave Stohler, Mike, Cyril and Moocher. Dave the main character has decided to spend the year hanging out and having a good time with his friends. Breaking Away is about the hostility between the college fraternity students at Indiana University and the locals called cutters, which are Dave and his friends. Dave is a very talented bicycle rider and wants to be like the Italian racers.Ã He idolizes the Italian racing team, because he enjoys bicycle racing to the point that he imitates them.Ã He won many local races without breaking a sweat.Ã He poses as an Italian exchange student to get Katherine, a sorority girl, to like him. Cyril was beaten up after a sorority girl informed the frat guys the "outsiders" were singing to Katherine.Ã Mike was enraged when he found out and arranged a fight between the two groups at a local bowling alley. This movie is about the differences between the wealthy frat students and the locals.Ã Dave and his three friends are not doing anything with their lives after high school.Ã Mike is jealous of the fact that the frat students are still involved in sports because he used to be a high school quarterback and challenges a swimming race, which he lost.Ã Throughout the movie the friends start to separate because they realize they want different things in life.Ã Moocher goes and gets married and wants to move to Chicago to follow in his father's footsteps. Cyril plans to retake the college entrance exams even though he won't get a basketball scholarship.Ã Dave gets a job at his father's car dealership after being treated unfairly by the Italian team at the exhibition race when they threw a bar in his front wheel.Ã In the movie they spend a lot of time fighting with the frat boys because they are jealous of their upbringings.Ã In the movie the school frowns on the feud between the two groups.Ã The school decides ...
Monday, March 2, 2020
The History of the Kaleidoscope and David Brewster The kaleidoscope was invented in 1816 by Scottish scientist, Sir David Brewster (1781Ã¢â¬â1868), a mathematician and physicist noted for his various contributions to the field of optics.Ã He patented it in 1817 (GB 4136), but thousands of unauthorized copycats were constructed and sold, resulting in Brewster receiving little financial benefits from his most famous invention. Sir David Brewsters Invention Brewster named his invention after the Greek words kalos (beautiful), eidosÃ (form), and scoposÃ (watcher). So kaleidoscope roughly translates to beautiful form watcher. Brewsters kaleidoscope was a tube containing loose pieces of colored glass and other pretty objects, reflected by mirrors or glass lenses set at angles, that created patterns when viewed through the end of the tube. Charles Bushs Improvements In the early 1870s, Charles Bush, a Prussian native living in Massachusetts, improved upon the kaleidoscope and started the kaleidoscope fad. Charles Bush was granted patents in 1873 and 1874 related to improvements in kaleidoscopes, kaleidoscope boxes, objects for kaleidoscopes (US 143,271), and kaleidoscope stands. Charles Bush was the first person to mass manufacture his parlor kaleidoscope in America. His kaleidoscopes were distinguished by the use of liquid-filled glass ampules to create even more visually stunning effects. How Kaleidoscopes Work The kaleidoscope creates reflections of a direct view of the objects at the end of a tube, through the use of angled mirrors set at the end; as the user rotates the tube, the mirrors create new patterns. The image will be symmetrical if the mirror angle is an even divider of 360 degrees. A mirror set at 60 degrees will generate a pattern of six regular sectors. A mirror angle at 45 degrees will make eight equal sectors, and an angle of 30 degrees will make twelve. The lines and colors of simple shapes are multiplied by the mirrors into a visually stimulating vortex.